Urology - Common Health Conditions

Lots of people think of a urologist if they consider conditions like prostate cancer and incontinence, but urology actually covers a much wider array of conditions. Urologists treat all diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system. Some of the very common conditions people turn to the urologist for are the following:


Urology covers the treatment of urologic cancers and cancers in the male reproductive system, most commonly prostate cancer. Cancer present in the bladder, kidney, testicles or prostate are all sometimes treated with a urologist, and may also be all fairly common. Prostate cancer, for instance, is the most common non-skin cancer in American males, and one in every 10 men may have the problem sooner or later in his life. Bladder cancer could be the ninth most frequent type of cancer among American women.

Male Sexual Dysfunction

Urology also covers the treatment of male sexual dysfunction, which most commonly manifests as impotence (erectile dysfunction). Impotence occurs for many reasons, including aging, damage to the nerves or muscles in the reproductive organs, or as a side-effect of another chronic disease. It's a variety of treatments, including the ones that help a person make an erection naturally and the ones that use devices to attain an artificial erection. Sometimes urologist are utilized to help couples handle male infertility and attain an effective pregnancy.


Incontinence, or the shortcoming to keep urine in the bladder adequately, is fairly common. Many women experience this issue after pregnancy and childbirth, because the muscles of the pelvic floor become stretched and damaged. It can also occur as a part of the aging process, even with out a pregnancy. Urologists have a variety of treatments available, including medications to regulate bladder spasms, physical therapy to improve the tone of the pelvic floor muscles, and surgery to reconstruct a few of the support round the bladder. The goal with this aspect of urology is to restore a patient's dignity through improving his / her quality of life.

Pediatric Care

Pediatric urology often handles birth defects affecting the urinary tract or the male reproductive organs. Common birth defects include an abnormally located urethral organ, distention of the kidney, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, and undescended testicles. Sometimes pediatric patients also need assistance from a urologist when fighting chronic urinary tract infections. Urologists may also help with chronic bedwetting problems. Children who need assistance from a urologist are normally referred to at least one by their pediatrician.

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